Swiss prosecutors investigated the Sabah Chief Minister, reports Sonntagszeitung, a Swiss national weekly
Swiss Attorney General has given legal assistance to Hong Kong authorities in a money-laundering investigation against Malaysian top politician Musa Aman and Swiss banking giant UBS - UBS accused of laundering over 90 million US dollars of kickbacks paid by loggers for cutting down the Borneo rainforest
(BERN/ZURICH, SWITZERLAND) The Office of the Attorney General of Switzerland has confirmed on Friday that Switzerland has given legal assistance to Hong Kong in a money-laundering case against Musa Aman, Chief Minister of the Malaysian State of Sabah on Borneo. Musa Aman is the older brother of Anifah Aman, Malaysia’s Foreign Minister
In a statement to the Zurich-based weekly, Sonntagszeitung, spokespersons for the Attorney General and the Swiss Federal Office of Justice said that the files on the case have been transmitted to Hong Kong authorities on 31st March 2011. The officals added that Switzerland could not provide further details as the relevant enforcement agency in Hong Kong hat the lead in the investigation.
UBS headquarters in Zurich refused to comment on the matter and said that, in all markets it was operating in, the bank complied with the regulatory and legal framework.
Malaysian media reported last week that Sabah Chief Minister Musa Aman is being investigated by Hong Kong’s Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) for having laundered over 90 million US dollars of timber corruption money through UBS bank accounts in Hong Kong and Switzerland. According to Sarawak Report, Malaysian prosecutors refused to cooperate with Hong Kong in the matter because Attorney-General Abdul Gani Patai is a relative and a close political ally of Musa Aman.
In return for the kickbacks, the Sabah Chief Minister granted concessions to log tropical hardwoods in the Borneo rainforest, one of the world’s most biodiverse habitats. In February 2007, the governments of Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei committed to protect the Borneo rainforest in the trilateral “Heart of Borneo” declaration.
Translation of Swiss news report on Musa Aman investigation
UBS in the Corruption Jungle
Millions in kickbacks from illegal rainforest logging went through accounts of the banking giant
By Guido Schaetti
(Zurich/Basel/Hong Kong) The area is as large as the British Islands and is one of the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth. Thousands of animal and plant species are found only in Borneo. In the year 2007, the governments of Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei signed a pact with WWF for the protection of the rainforest on the island in the Asia Pacific region. "Heart of Borneo" is the name of the project.
About the same time, involved politicians concluded yet other deals: Musa Aman, Minister of the province of Sabah in the north of Borneo, distributed logging concessions to timber companies, allowing them to log protected areas - and got millions in bribes for it.
The money flew through accounts of UBS in Hong Kong. The anti corruption agency of the Chinese Special Administrative Region reconstructed the money flows in an investigation. For that end, the agency also asked Switzerland for legal assistance. At the end of March last year, the files were sent to Hong Kong, as the Attorney General of Switzerlands’s Office confirmed to the SonntagsZeitung.
Musa is a professional. The brother of the Malaysian Foreign Minister operated a network of front companies and nominees, in order to cover the money trail. Local loggers paid the kickbacks through third party companies onto accounts of his assistants Richard Barnes and Michael Chia. From there, they were distributed to financial vehicles in the Caribbean and again collected in Hong Kong. Finally, the money allegedly ended up on Musa’s account with UBS in Zurich.
In May 2008, the investigators found 29.6 million dollars in a UBS-account in Hong Kong run by Barnes. In total, more than 90 million dollars are reported to have flown through the account. Musa is thought to be the beneficial owner. The kickbacks system blew up four years ago when Chia was caught in Hong Kong with $16 million cash. The Hong Kong prosecutors sent their report to Malaysia. That was the end of the line. Attorney General Abdul Gani Patail, reportedly a relative of Musa, refused to investigate.
Bruno Manser Fund calls upon the government to take action
On Asian web sites, the facts can be read in all the details. On a UBS payment slip, which the SonntagsZeitung has seen, even the purpose of the payment is given: "Deposit for logging concession".
Lukas Straumann, Director of the Bruno Manser Fund, accuses the bank of heavy breaches of its due diligence duties: "The documents are proving that funds from the criminal logging of rainforests have been laundered by UBS employees for years. It is shocking that the bank claims not to have been in the know.”
The UBS takes no position on the case, because the identification of customer names would injure the banking secrecy. "In all of the markets, where UBS operates, it does so in accordance with the regulatory requirements and laws," says spokesman Yves Kaufmann. The bank is obliged to report to the anti money-laundering agency, if assets of criminal origin are discovered on its accounts. Apparently, no criminal proceedings are running against UBS itself. This is an indication that the bank has fulfilled its reporting obligation.
Straumann urges that the Swiss government should take action and freeze potentate’s assets. Corruption is one of the most important drivers of the illegal logging of the rainforests: "If we fail to stop corruption, we can not save the forests. The incentive for the politicians is simply too big."
Published on 22nd April 2012 by Sonntagszeitung, Zurich, www.sonntagszeitung.ch.